All other fish

All other fish not listed in Green-Green and Green fish sections is included here.

All other fish is a Green food. Green foods are safe to eat as a regular part of a diet.

Category Quotes

Guideline related quotes related to Fish-Finfish and Green throughout Geoff Bond's publications.

Examples of one serving include 3 oz (size of a deck of cards) cooked meat or poultry; 3 oz grilled fish; 1 egg. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.95

For the meat, poultry, eggs, and fish group, Preferably consume two servings a day of “Green-Green” foods. If unavailable, you can consume two servings a day of “Green” foods. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.102

For the meat, poultry, eggs, and fish group Restrict total food group servings per session to one. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.102

For the meat, poultry, eggs, and fish group, Restrict total food group servings per day to two. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.102

Additional Quotes

Specific references to All other fish throughout Geoff Bond's publications.

the insulin reaction to protein-rich foods like fish and eggs is "normal." ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.22

Consumption of omega-6 vegetable oils rocketed from 12 lbs per head per year in 1965 to 50 lbs per head per year today— that's a 400 percent increase! In parallel, consumption of fish declined and food manufacturers stripped omega-3 oil out of their products— why? Because it goes rancid easily and so has a short shelf life, equaling a lower monetary profit for food manufacturers. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.40

We only need about one gram each of omega-6 and omega-3 oils. We need to strip out the omega-6 oils to the point where we are only consuming a couple of grams a day at most, and we need to make sure we get at least one gram a day of omega-3 oils. Eating oily fish every day will help you boost your intake of omega-3. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.41

Good oils share the top of the pyramid, and should be eaten sparingly to reap their health benefits. ... These include oily fish and canola (rapeseed) oil. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.48

All seafood is good, particularly the oily fish. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.48

All seafood is an acceptable component of the Savanna Model feeding pattern. The "oily fish," rich in omega-3 oils, are best, such as wild salmon, sardines, herring, and mackerel. Other fish and shellfish have an excellent essential fatty acid profile and are also good. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.70

The food to which we are secondarily adapted is animal matter. Think modest when planning servings of meat, poultry, eggs, and fish ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.83

Old-Fashioned Haddock Breakfast. This used to be a good standby in many parts of the English-speaking world. Many people are old enough to remember, perhaps, when their grandparents used to eat like this. They would lightly poach a piece of haddock (or kipper or any other appropriate fish) in simmering water for about five minutes. They would accompany it with lashings of sauteed onion, grilled tomatoes, and mushrooms. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.88

A suitable choice for lunch is a mixed salad, and an appropriate quantity might be 12 oz. Weigh foods until you are used to estimating the quantities by eye— it's larger than you are used to. Get in the habit of thinking that a salad is often in two parts: The salad vegetables, comprised uniquely of foods from Food Group 3 (Non-starchy Vegetables), and some additions of protein-rich foods from Food Group 6 (Meat, Poultry, Eggs, and Fish). You can add tuna or chicken breast, for example, to the salad or eat as a side dish. Use a simple homemade vinaigrette of mustard, olive oil, lemon juice, and vinegar. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.88

In some ways, a dinner party is the hardest situation to manage. You don't want to put your hosts under pressure, and you want to be invited another day. If you know your hosts well, it is all right to call in advance and mention that you have special dietary requirements. Say that you prefer fish over red meat or that you don't like to eat fruit after a meal. Mention that you like green salads and lots of green vegetables. Then, dig into your meal and enjoy it for what it is. You will certainly have to compromise, but if your basic eating habits are natural and healthy, the occasional lapse is not going to be the end of the world. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.90

.Foods of animal origin can be cooked. In general terms, there are few nutrients that might be destroyed by heating. Even oily fish keep their good omega-3 oils intact after baking, grilling, or barbecuing. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.92

Meat, poultry, eggs, and fish (Food Group 6) can be cooked using the most appropriate method: Microwaving, steaming, grilling, baking, or sauteing. Avoid deep-frying. If using oil, just use a light coating of olive oil. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.92

Of course, many people bring up their children successfully as vegetarians. However, staying with the Savanna Model, fish and fowl are fine. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.105

If you are eating according to th e Savanna Model, what is the likelihood that you are suffering any deficiencies? The answer is, highly unlikely. You will be consuming eight times the weight of non-starchy plant food compared to the average Am erican. So, even on plant foods with "reduced levels" of micronutrients in th e soil in w hich they're grow n, your intake will be w ell into the healthy intake comfort zone. The one nutrient that is hard to get this way is omega-3 essential fa tty acids. In this regard, we strongly recommend eating at least one portion of oily fish per day instead of popping an omega-3 supplement. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.109

Eskimos hunted fish, seal, whale, walrus, musk ox, caribou, polar bears, wolves, birds, rabbits, ducks, and geese. They ate every part of the animal—brains, blood, intestines, and even the feces. On occasion, the women would gather eggs, crabs, mollusks, and shellfish. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.119

Traditionally, the Japanese are Buddhists and, as such, they did not eat animals at all. However, they did eat fish, often raw. By Western standards, it was a high consumption, around 90 g (3.15 oz) per person per day (four times as much as the average American). From this, they got a high consumption of omega-3 fish oil, notably the essential fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.121

At home, by a fluke of culture, geography, and luck, the Japanese have hit on a good lifestyle, but even so, it is not perfect. For example, they smoke too much and they consume too much salt. More than in most other countries, the Japanese die of strokes and heart disease. The diet of raw fish means that they absorb the live eggs and larvae of intestinal parasites, so that worm infestations of the gut, virtually unknown in the West, are quite common in Japan. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.122

A study carried out in the remote and tiny Okinawan island of Kohama found that the inhabitants eat even more fish, 144 g (about 5 oz), and far less salt, about 6 g per day, than their mainland neighbors. They eat seaweed and herbaceous plants and also sweet potato and tofu (soybean curd). They have adopted some Chinese practices from nearby Taiwan, eating some pork and drinking green tea. And they exercise a lot: 95 percent of the eighty-year-olds studied led active lives, working long hours every day in their fish-farming paddies. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.123

The Cretans ate frugally; they ate fish but virtually no meat (just the occasional goat's meat, as beef was nonexistent); they ate plenty of plant food, notably a salad-green called purslane; and they consumed very little dairy, pastries, or sugars. Unlike the Okinawans, they ate bread— a rough-ground, whole-wheat variety— and they had a moderate fat consumption through the sparing use of olive oil in the kitchen. They also had an extraordinary custom: For the Cretan, traditional breakfast often consisted of a small amount of olive oil downed in one gulp, and that was it until lunch time. Wine was also commonly drunk, but in moderation. ~Paleo in a Nutshell p.123

Our ancestors were not alone in the savanna. They shared the land with a wide variety of creatures: giraffe, lion, elephant, warthog, rhinoceros, hyena, antelope, gazelle, zebra, baboons, chimpanzees, vultures, eagles, flamingos, and many more. In addition, there were snakes, porcupines, crocodiles, lizards, tortoises, snails, grasshoppers, and a myriad of small mammals, reptiles, and insects. The lakes, streams, and waterholes teemed with many species of freshwater fish, shellfish, frogs, toads, ducks, geese, and other aquatic creatures. ~Deadly Harvest p.13

Game birds like guinea fowl, francolin, and bustard are captured in cunning snares. Ostrich is hunted on occasion. As mentioned earlier, the San do not have much access to water, but when they get the chance, they spear fish, trap toads, and collect shellfish. ~Deadly Harvest p.16

Total animal matter consumption (that is, game animals plus eggs and all the gathered and fished animals) is no more than around 8 ounces (225 g) per person per day. Plant food is about 2 pounds (900 g) per day. This weight of food is rather less than even the San would like to be eating ~Deadly Harvest p.17

30,000 years ago, the Cro-Magnons of Europe ate fish, turtles, shellfish, and birds. Meanwhile the Neanderthals, who lived alongside them, ate reindeer, mammoth, and other large herbivores. ~Deadly Harvest p.22

With the Industrial Revolution going full-swing during the 19th century, cities grew to sizes never before seen in history. Chicago's population increased 17-fold from 30,000 in 1850 to 500,000 in 1870. New York City grew 25 times bigger, from 60,000 in 1800 to 1.5 million in 1870. In contrast, Babylon at the time of the Biblical exodus (1447 B .C .) was only about 60,000 total. Feeding populations in these enormous agglomerations required novel methods. It was quite impossible to get most fresh foods to them in the normal way. Food had to be "preserved,"— that is, processed in a way that stopped it from going bad. Meat and fish were a particular problem but there were tried-and-true methods to con­ serve it: salting and smoking. Salt beef, bacon, cured ham, kippered herring, and bologna were just a few examples that took over the diet of city dwellers, replacing their fresh equivalent. ~Deadly Harvest p.39

The Japanese Navy used to lose 50% of its seamen to beriberi. They were eating a diet of polished white rice and not much else. In the 1870s, the Japanese reported that they could cure beriberi by feeding their sailors with some extra rations of vegetables and fish. We now know that beriberi is a disease caused by a deficiency of vitamin B₁ (thiamine). ~Deadly Harvest p.44

in 1942, the USDA issued a new food guide that reduced the number of food groups to what they called the "Basic Seven." These were: green and yellow vegetables; oranges, tomatoes, and grapefruit; potatoes and other vegetables and fruit; milk and milk products; meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dried peas and beans; bread, flour, and cereals; and butter and fortified margarine. ~Deadly Harvest p.45

With the creation of the "basic seven", several changes were made from the 12 food groups in the family food plans. "Potatoes and sweet potatoes" have been lumped in with "other vegetables and fruit." "Eggs" and "dry beans, peas, and nuts" are lumped in with "meat, poultry, and fish." The "butter" group has been expanded to "butter and fortified margarine." The word lean has been dropped from the category "lean meat." The "other fats" group and the "sugars" group have disappeared entirely. ~Deadly Harvest p.46

In 1956, the "Basic Seven" groups were condensed to the "Basic Four": milk and milk products; meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dry beans, and nuts; fruits and vegetables; and grains. This time the "green and yellow vegetables" group has disappeared. "Butter and fortified margarine" has been dropped. "Oranges, tomatoes, and grapefruit" are lumped into the catch-all category "fruits and vegetables." ~Deadly Harvest p.46

One USDA group, "Meat, Fish, Poultry, Dry Beans, Nuts and Eggs," seems to have been lumped together because they are, on the whole, protein-rich foods. However, not all protein-rich foods (for example, cheese) are included and some protein-poor foods (for example, chestnuts) make the list. ~Deadly Harvest p.48

Our [Savanna model] modified groupings then are: Grains; Vegetables (Starchy); Vegetables (Non-Starchy); Fruits; Milk and Dairy; Meat, Fish, Eggs, and Poultry; Dry Beans; Nuts; Fats and Oils; Sugars and Sweeteners; Salt and Sodium; and Beverages. ~Deadly Harvest p.48

In the USDA meat group There are significant differences among these items, so we will break down this group into three major classes. One is protein-rich foods of animal origin: "Meat, Poultry, Eggs, and Fish." The other two are protein-rich foods of plant origin: "Dry Beans and Peas (or Legumes)" and "Nuts." ~Deadly Harvest p.48

At the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), meat is the term applied to the flesh of domesticated mammals, such as cattle, pig, and sheep. More conventionally, this is known as "red meat," which is the designation used here. Similarly, "game" refers to the flesh of any wild land animal, such as wild boar or pheasant. "White meat" refers to flesh taken from domesticated birds, such as chickens, and "seafood" refers to fish and shellfish. We will look at both wild and domesticated sources of animal products. The USDA does not include certain classes of animal foods that were common in our ancestors' diet— the "exotic" categories of reptiles, worms, insects, and gastropods (snails and slugs). ~Deadly Harvest p.58

Our ancient ancestors certainly consumed fish and shellfish on a modest scale— up to 12% of calories according to Michael Crawford, professor of nutrition at London Metropolitan University. As we saw in Chapter 1, fish were speared and trapped as the occasion presented itself. Pleistocene man (or more likely women) easily collected shellfish along the shoreline of African lakes and rivers. ~Deadly Harvest p.62

Early civilizations took a long time to learn to farm fish. Carp originated in China and have been raised in ponds and rice paddies there for 3,000 years. From about 500 B.C., the ancient Egyptians raised fish in specially built ponds. The main species was Nile perch, a variety of tilapia, which is still commonly available today. Carp cultivation has spread all over the world, notably central Europe, but it was always on the scale of the village pond or its equivalent. ~Deadly Harvest p.62

It was not until the 1960s that fish farming or "aquaculture" came of age. Since then, salmon, trout, catfish, and tilapia have been farmed on an industrial scale. They have almost completely displaced their wild counterparts from our tables. Less commonly farmed are carp, mullet, redfish, and sea bass. Efforts are already under way to farm tuna, cod, sea bream, and turbot in vast enclosed offshore pens. ~Deadly Harvest p.62

The fish and shellfish consumed in our ancestral diet were entirely of freshwater varieties. On the other hand, modern fish farming is concentrated mostly on seafood. It appears that this is not an important distinction—if there is a problem with aquaculture, it is with the way the creatures are often fed and the pollutants that get into their bodies. ~Deadly Harvest p.62

( . . . ) wildfowl and wild fish are just fine. Poultry, particularly chicken and turkey, tend to be fattier and contain more of the unhealthy fats. The breast (white meat) of the bird is the best, when it has the skin and fat removed, and free-range chickens tend to be leaner and healthier. Duck and goose are also fatty birds, but their fats are semi-liquid at room temperature, indicating a low saturated fat content. ~Deadly Harvest p.64

Fish have more "good" oils if they are wild or have at least been fed correctly on the fish farms. ~Deadly Harvest p.64

the Japanese, with their diet rich in oily fish, have the omega-3/ omega-6 balance about right. ~Deadly Harvest p.106

Humans evolved in an area, the African Rift Valley, that was endowed with lakes and streams. Humans of that time freely consumed shellfish, fish, wading birds, and ducks and their eggs. Leigh Broadhurst calculates that the quantities consumed did not have to be large— just 6% to 12% of calories. ~Deadly Harvest p.106

What are acid-forming foods? Not foods that taste acidic, but rather the ones that after digestion and metabolism have the effect of acidifying the body. They are foods that contain sulfur, phosphorus, and chlorine— found chiefly in proteins like meat, fish, eggs, and cheese. For example, bland roast chicken is one of the most acidifying foods around. Starches like bread, flour, pasta, and cereals are also acid forming. ~Deadly Harvest p.109

Animal matter can provide the same micronutrients as plants, such as calcium and vitamin A, but there is one essential micronutrient that has to be obtained from animal matter—vitamin B₁₂. It is only needed in tiny amounts and it is easily obtained from eggs, fish, poultry, and meat. However, without it, we sicken and die, unlike the vegan gorilla who can manage without it. ~Deadly Harvest p.130

Frozen poultry, fish, seafood, and exotic meats are fine ( . . . ) ~Deadly Harvest p.166

Avoid protein/starch combinations— Group 6 foods (Meat, Poultry, Eggs, and Fish) with Group 2 foods (Grains) and/or Group 3 foods (Vegetables, Starchy). ~Deadly Harvest p.171

Many studies have shown that saturated fats, particularly hydrogenated and trans-fats, are powerful immune depressors, allowing cancers to flourish. Finally, the traditional consumption of oily fish provides them with the "good" omega-3 oils. We are unwittingly depressing our immune system with a diet overloaded with omega-6 oils. Drive these out of your diet and favor the omega-3 oils at every opportunity. But don't go too far. The ideal is a 1-to-l balance, but you don't have to micromanage it—just follow the Savanna Model and the ratio works out just fine. ~Deadly Harvest p.232

The Japanese are one of the heaviest smoking populations in the world— and yet one of the longest lived. Japanese longevity is not due to smoking but in spite of it. But they get away with smoking because their diet, while not perfect, is a lot better than the one that is common in the West. In other words, the Japanese diet, turns out to be closer to the ideal diet for the human species than what is eaten elsewhere. Their focus on fish (which contains omega-3 oils) instead of meat is beneficial. ~Deadly Harvest p.235

Our ancient ancestors had high intakes of omega-3 fatty acids from sources that included fish and shellfish from lakes and rivers. Both a high consumption of omega-3 oils, including fish and fish oils, and the absence of saturated fats help lower your risk. ~Deadly Harvest p.254

Post-natal depression is 50 times more common in countries with low levels of seafood consumption. Eskimos, when they abandon their traditional, omega-3-rich fish diet for industrial foods, suffer more depression. Another study on Finns, which compared high fish consumers with those who were not, had a similar result. ~Deadly Harvest p.256

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